No doubt you've heard people say stuff about type 1 diabetes that simply isn't true. Next time you hear a myth, come back with a fact. Here's a quick guide to help you.
You get type 1 diabetes because you’re overweight.
Type 1 diabetes is actually caused by the body’s immune system attacking and destroying the cells in your pancreas that produce insulin. Anyone can develop it, whatever their body size and shape.
With type 1 diabetes you can’t have any sweets, chocolate or anything sugary.
People with type 1 diabetes can have a normal, healthy diet which includes some sugar – just like people without type 1. Whatever they eat, people with type 1 need to regularly measure the glucose levels in their blood and have insulin injections.
With type 1 diabetes you can’t join in PE lessons or do sports.
As long as people with type 1 diabetes check their blood glucose level is stable first, there’s no reason why they can’t play sport. They may need to have a snack before they start and check their blood glucose during exercise.
All diabetes is the same.
Most people have heard of diabetes but few know there’s more than one type. The most common are type 1 and type 2. People often get confused between them.
Here are the facts about type 1 and type 2 diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Your body can’t produce any insulin.
Your body can make some insulin, but not enough. Or, the insulin it produces doesn’t work properly.
Usually is diagnosed in young adults and children but can start at any age.
Usually appears in people over 40.
If you have it, you need to do finger prick tests and insulin injections every day, or wear an insulin pump. You also need to eat a healthy diet and take regular exercise.
It’s treated with a healthy diet and exercise. Medication and/or insulin is sometimes needed, too.
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