Carb counting is working out how much carbohydrate is in your food and adjusting your insulin dose accordingly
Carb counting is an important part of managing your type 1 diabetes. When you eat carbohydrates (both starches such as potatoes, rice and pasta and sugars such as fruit, milk, honey), it’s broken down into glucose and absorbed into your bloodstream where it can be used for energy. It’s important to have a good understanding of how much, and what type, of carbohydrate is in the foods you eat as this will help you work out how much insulin you need to give with meals and snacks.
There are structured education programmes like DAFNE (Dose Adjustment For Normal Eating), which help you learn how to count the carbohydrate content of your meals and decide how much insulin you need. Ask your healthcare team for more information about the courses and about carb counting.