Our resource hub is home to a wealth of articles, stories and videos about managing and living with type 1 diabetes.
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Our researchers are working on different ways to develop a cure for type 1 diabetes - from growing insulin-producing beta cells in labs to hacking the immune system.
Learn about the technologies that can deliver insulin automatically when needed. And discover the next generation of insulins that are currently being developed.
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This Christmas, your gift can bring us closer to a cure for type 1 diabetes – and every pound you give to our Christmas Appeal will be doubled.
The announcement is the biggest treatment breakthrough for type 1 diabetes since the discovery of insulin.
This event is designed for anyone living with type 1 diabetes who would like to learn more about managing their wellbeing across a variety of contexts.
We provide a wealth of information and free resources to help you support and empower your patients or students.
Take our free course for schools to learn more about supporting pupils with type 1 diabetes in educational settings.
Home > Knowledge & support > Guide to new diagnosis > Guide for newly-diagnosed adults > Type 1 essentials – 10 things to know after your diagnosis
Type 1 diabetes is caused by the immune system mistakenly attacking cells in the pancreas which make insulin (beta cells). Like many autoimmune conditions, we’re not yet clear why this happens. However, we do know that type 1 is not caused by diet or lifestyle, and there’s nothing you could have done to stop it happening.
Find out more about type 1 and learn about our cure research.
Insulin is a hormone that is made by beta cells in the pancreas. When you eat, insulin is released to stop the levels of glucose (a type of sugar) in your blood going too high and becoming dangerous.
When you have type 1 diabetes, your body can no longer produce insulin so you have to inject or infuse it yourself.
Find out more about insulin and how to administer it.
In simple terms, you manage type 1 diabetes by trying to keep the amount of glucose in your blood within a target range. Your Diabetes Healthcare Team will tell you what to aim for, but the target range is usually between 3.9-10.0 mmml/L.
When you eat something that has carbohydrate in it, you need to inject insulin to stop your levels going too high. To do this you need to know how much carbohydrate you are eating so you take the right amount of insulin. This is called carb counting.
You need to monitor your glucose levels to see what your levels are. If they’re too low, you need to eat something containing carbohydrate to bring them back up.
Find out more about managing glucose levels.
There are lots of things that can affect your glucose levels as well as eating carbohydrate, including exercise and movement, hormones, temperature, periods, stress and illness. A lot of these factors are outside of your control, so don’t be hard on yourself if you don’t reach your targets all the time.
It’s important to look after your emotional and mental wellbeing – managing type 1 isn’t just about the numbers on your glucose readings. We’ve got advice and support for you to help managing the emotional side of living with type 1 and how to get connected with others going through the same thing.
A hypo – short for hypoglycaemia – is where your glucose levels go below 4mml/L. They can be dangerous but they’re easy to treat. You need to treat them quickly by eating or drinking something with sugar in it. Many people use glucose tablets, jelly babies, or a sugary drink to bring their glucose levels back up.
Find out more about managing hypos.
A hyper – short for hyperglycaemia – is where your blood glucose levels go above range, usually over 7 to 10mml/L. Hypers don’t have the same immediate risk as hypos, but having high glucose levels can make you feel unwell and over time can cause complications.
Find out more about managing hypers.
Most people start off using insulin injections and blood glucose meters to manage their type 1 diabetes, but as you continue your journey with type 1 you may want to explore using other technology.
Continuous glucose monitors (CGM) send real-time information about your glucose levels from a sensor you wear on your body to a receiver or your phone. Flash glucose monitors (also known by their brand name Freestyle Libre) are similar, but they only give you a reading when you scan the sensor with a handset or phone.
Smart pens are the same as regular insulin pens but they record information about when and how much insulin you’ve taken. Insulin pumps are wearable devices that deliver insulin in tiny amounts throughout the day and night. You can also easily deliver extra bolus insulin when you need it.
Hybrid closed loop systems combine CGMs and insulin pumps. They use an algorithm to decide how much insulin to deliver based on the readings from the CGM.
Find out more about type 1 tech and what is available on the NHS in our technology guide.
After you have been diagnosed, you will have regular check-ups with your Diabetes Healthcare Team. They will contact you to arrange an appointment. They will run tests to check your overall blood glucose levels and talk to you about how your type 1 management is going. They’ll also check for early signs of complications so that they can be treated.
Find out more about who is part of your Diabetes Healthcare Team and what to expect during your appointments.
Remember, you can contact your GP or Diabetes Healthcare Team at any time if you have concerns about your type 1 management.
Whether you tell your employer you have type 1 is completely your decision. You may want to tell them so that they can make reasonable adjustments like providing you with a private space to test your glucose levels or inject insulin. It may also be beneficial if your colleagues know what to do if you need help, for example if you have a hypo.
Find out more about how to manage type 1 at work and what your legal rights are.
Yes. Having type 1 means you may have to do some extra preparation and planning, but there is no reason why you can’t continue to do the same things you did before you were diagnosed.
Find out more about how to manage type 1 around everyday activities like travelling, driving, work, exercise and eating and drinking.
Living with type 1 is a journey and there are times you may want some support outside of your clinic and healthcare team. Talking to friends and family and connecting with other people who are going through the same thing can help ease the burden of managing type 1 diabetes.
Find out about where to go for support including online forums, communities and our in-person and virtual events.
“The biggest thing I struggled with (and I bottled this up for years) was the staggering impact and damage the diagnosis had on my mental health… Once I opened up and started to talk about my condition, a huge weight was lifted” – sports presenter Adam Smith talks about how he dealt with his type 1 diagnosis and mental health.
“The past year has taught me that the type 1 community is incredible because it’s so therapeutic to talk to like-minded people and have intelligent conversations about the condition.”
“They’re going to keep on finding new ways of making life easier with all the technology so there is hope. Things are moving rapidly every day.”
“I remember thinking not just how my life would change, but also I remember thinking ‘I’m going to be a dad, what kind of dad will I be with this diagnosis.”
Join us for virtual and in-person information events dedicated to exploring the world of type 1 diabetes. Discover the latest developments in type 1 research, hear from experts in the field and connect with others living with type 1.
Information and support on how to manage your blood glucose levels, count carbs and deal with hypos and hypers.
Get information on emotional health, managing your weight with type 1, planning a pregnancy, dealing with sickness and more.
Having type 1 diabetes needn’t hold you back from living your life. Find helpful information on food and nutrition, exercise, work, travelling and more.
We invest in research across the world and here in the UK. Find out how we’re pushing boundaries towards the next type 1 breakthrough.