Our resource hub is home to a wealth of articles, stories and videos about managing and living with type 1 diabetes.
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Our researchers are working on different ways to develop a cure for type 1 diabetes - from growing insulin-producing beta cells in labs to hacking the immune system.
Learn about the technologies that can deliver insulin automatically when needed. And discover the next generation of insulins that are currently being developed.
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This Christmas, your gift can bring us closer to a cure for type 1 diabetes – and every pound you give to our Christmas Appeal will be doubled.
The announcement is the biggest treatment breakthrough for type 1 diabetes since the discovery of insulin.
This event is designed for anyone living with type 1 diabetes who would like to learn more about managing their wellbeing across a variety of contexts.
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Take our free course for schools to learn more about supporting pupils with type 1 diabetes in educational settings.
Home > Knowledge & support > Guide for parents and carers > Type 1 essentials – 10 things to know after your child’s diagnosis
When a child has type 1 diabetes it means that they can’t make insulin anymore. Insulin is a hormone that controls levels of glucose in the blood.
Type 1 an autoimmune condition that happens when your immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin (these are called beta cells).
When someone eats or drinks, sugar (called glucose) goes into their blood. In someone without type 1, insulin moves the sugar from their blood into the cells of their body so that they can use it as energy. If you develop type 1 diabetes, your body doesn’t make the insulin you need to turn glucose into energy. So people with type 1 have to inject insulin into their body. Find out more about type 1 diabetes.
We don’t yet know exactly what causes type 1 diabetes.
What we do know is, type 1 diabetes isn’t caused by poor diet or an unhealthy lifestyle. In fact, it isn’t caused by anything that you or your child did or didn’t do, and there was nothing you could have done to prevent it. Find out more about the causes of type 1.
We know that certain genes put people at a greater risk of developing type 1 diabetes but that is not the only factor involved. Scientists are also investigating the environmental factors that may play a role.
We can’t tell you whether your other children will develop type 1 with any certainty, although there are screening tests that can test for the antibodies that increase the risk of a child developing type 1.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition that’s caused by the immune system mistakenly attacking the cells that make insulin (beta cells). It’s treated using insulin.
Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes either don’t make enough insulin or don’t make insulin that the body can use properly. The cells in the body become resistant to insulin, meaning that they need a greater amount of insulin to keep blood glucose levels within a normal range. Type 2 can usually be managed through diet, exercise, and self-monitoring blood glucose, at least in the first few years following diagnosis. Learn more about the differences.
Type 1 diabetes is treated by putting a synthetic insulin into the body, either using an insulin pen or insulin pump.
If your child is using an insulin pen, they will inject long-acting insulin in the morning which releases over a 24 hour period (known as basal insulin). They will also use a fast-acting insulin to cover the glucose they eat and drink during the day (known as bolus insulin).
If your child uses an insulin pump, they will only use fast-acting insulin but this will be fed through their pump 24 hours a day.
There is no cure for type 1 diabetes yet, but we are funding research across the world in the race to make type 1 diabetes a thing of the past. Find out more about our cure research.
In very simple terms, you and your child will need try and keep the amount of glucose in your child’s blood from going too high (called a hyper) or too low (called a hypo).
This means that you will have to measure your child’s glucose levels to see how much insulin you need to inject, to help get that balance.
There are different ways to measure glucose levels. Your child will also be given a blood glucose meter when they’re first diagnosed, which takes a reading from a drop of blood that you draw from their finger.
They may also be given a flash sensor at diagnosis or shortly after. This is a sensor that is attached to the upper arm. You then scan the sensor with a smartphone or receiver to get a glucose reading.
Find out more about managing glucose levels and type 1 diabetes technology for children.
Children with type 1 don’t have to follow any specific diet. What’s important is that you know how many carbohydrates are in the food they’re eating, so you can give them the right amount of insulin. This is known as carb counting.
This may seem daunting, but over time it can become second nature, especially if your child has favourite foods they eat often.
Find out more about carb counting for a child with type 1 diabetes.
You should have regular appointments with your child’s Diabetes Healthcare Team which is made up of healthcare professionals who will help you manage different aspects of your child’s type 1. You can also contact them between appointments if you have any questions or concerns.
It’s good to connect with other parents who have children with type 1 because they will understand what you are going through and will be able to share their experience, help and advice. You can do this by joining online forums and social media groups or coming to our information events and fundraising events.
Yes they can. It takes a little bit of extra preparation and planning, but by working in partnership with the school and your Diabetes Healthcare Team, your child will be supported through their school years, and their type 1 will not impact their education and enjoyment of school. Order a free copy of our School Pack for parents and teachers.
Find out what nurseries and schools need to put in place to support your child and how to deal with exam stress and preparing for university.
Ruth talks about how she and her family managed the initial period following her daughter’s type 1 diagnosis.
Join us for virtual and in-person information events dedicated to exploring the world of type 1 diabetes. Discover the latest developments in type 1 research, hear from experts in the field and connect with others living with type 1.
Browse and order our free information packs that support parents of children who have been recently diagnosed.
This leaflet contains useful information for when you, or someone close to you, has been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.
This leaflet is aimed towards a younger audience and contains all the tools needed to understand or discuss type 1 diabetes.
Throughout this toolkit, we’ll talk about many of the factors that you have to consider when getting ready for a baby. We will discuss pregnancy with type 1 diabetes, with special emphasis on preconception planning, the actual pregnancy and delivery.
A hypo information leaflet for you to print out and keep, or give to friends, family and others involved in your child's life. It explains what a hypo is, some of the signs and symptoms, and getting help in an emergency. In association with Dextro Energy – Fast and Direct.
A hypo emergency card to print out and keep. Fill out the relevant details (such as where your hypo treatments are kept) in case your child is ever in need of assistance.
We have produced this flyer which outlines the details of the e-learning module to help school teachers provide appropriate support for children or young people with type 1 in their care.
Our School Pack includes information for teachers and parents on managing type 1, the symptoms of hypos and hypers and how to support a child with type 1 in educational and social settings.
A flyer which can be given to teachers of children with type 1 so that they can order a School Pack to use to help understand and manage a child's support needs at school.
A free 28-page guide for schools, colleges and early years settings. Includes sections on: roles and responsibilities; insulin injections and pumps; blood glucose monitoring; PE, exercise and diabetes, and much more.
Type 1 Discovery is our 24-page magazine, giving you the latest news, events, features and research updates about type 1 diabetes and JDRF, three times a year.
Connect with people who understand what you’re going through. Explore social media groups, online forums, community events and read shared experiences.
Our YouTube channel includes tech explainer videos, Discovery event videos on many type 1 topics, and films of people with type 1 discussing tech.