Treatments & technologies

Treating type 1 diabetes means replacing the insulin that your pancreas doesn't make and monitoring your blood glucose levels. There are different ways to do this

Blood glucose meters

A blood glucose meter is a small medical device that checks the amount of glucose in your blood

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Continuous glucose monitors (CGMs)

A continuous glucose monitor (CGM) gives information about your glucose levels every few minutes

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Flash glucose sensing

Flash glucose sensing is a new development in glucose monitoring, using a sensor on the back of the arm with a probe just under the skin.

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There are different types of insulin and methods of delivering insulin to the body

Injecting insulin

Around 90% of people with type 1 in the UK inject their insulin through multiple daily injections

Insulin pumps

Insulin pumps can improve glucose control in people with type 1 diabetes but do not suit everyone.

Islet transplants

An islet transplant involves extracting the islets of Langerhans from the pancreas of an organ donor, then transplanting those islets into you


Biosimilar insulins are not yet available, but you may have heard them being mentioned.

Open source decision tools

There are a number of approaches that have been instigated by parents of children with type 1 and people with type 1 to be able to better access and share data

Type 1 Discovery magazine – sign up for your free copy

To get regular updates on how research is changing type 1 diabetes treatment, sign up for your free copy of Type 1 Discovery magazine

JDRF Type 1 Discovery magazine

Published three times a year, Type 1 Discovery is packed with features, news, updates and ways to get involved with JDRF. In the current issue you’ll find:

  • Connect Immune Research Special – a new charity partnership to understand autoimmunity by studying several conditions together
  • Our Understanding Science Toolkit – a free downloadable resource to help you understand the science behind medical research
  • How one teenager copes with type 1 while aspiring to become an Olympic athlete
  • What triggers the wrath of the immune system
  • Insulin supplies and a no-deal Brexit
  • Becoming a Community Ambassador for JDRF
  • And much more!

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To get regular updates on how research is changing type 1 diabetes treatment, sign up for your free copy of Type 1 Discovery magazine.

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Type 1 Technology guide

We have produced guides to type 1 diabetes technology, which highlights recommendations from NICE on treatments and technology for children and adults with type 1 diabetes.

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